miércoles, 10 de diciembre de 2014

Smart Cities

Recientemente he terminado el libro "Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the quest for a new utopia" de Anthony M. Townsend.  La tesis del autor incide en que las TIC son un sustrato fundamental de las ciudades inteligentes, pero hay que pensar, y repensar muy bien antes de lanzarnos al vacío y con fe ciega en asumir que las soluciones informáticas por y para la eficiencia y eficacia que proclaman las grandes multinacionales tecnológicas son la panacea de las ciudades inteligentes. Cada ciudad es distinta, y requiere distintas soluciones inteligentes y maneras de implementarlas. Y que mejor que dejar a los propios ciudadanos que decidan que soluciones y herramientas son las necesarias para su ciudad y sobretodo se adaptan mejor al estilo y forma de vida de la ciudad. De ahí el guiño a civic hackers en el subtitulo.

El libro es recomendable para cualquier interesado en la aplicación de las TIC en entornos urbanos. No se trata de un libro técnico sino mas bien crítica y que invita a la reflexión sobre el mal uso de las TIC cuando se consideran un fin y no un medio. Mientras leía el libro anoté algunas frases que me llamaron la atención. Evidentemente, leídas tal cual, muchas de ellas están fuera de contexto pero puede que inquieten lo suficiente para que alguien se anime a leer el libro.

p 7, where r y
p 10, looking smart is more crucial than being smart
p 11, bottom up city design
p 12, haves vs have-nots
p 13, but centralizing data merely centralized corruption, which empowers the empowered
p 31, for tech giants, the first challenge was making the case for public spending on smart. The big promised is greater efficiency
p 33, rewiring cities with business technology is a seductive vision
p 42, the grid itself is a commodity. All the value is in the add-ons
p 70, “Mirror Worlds foretold the way sensing, networking, computation, and visualization are converging today
p 73, the future is clear: know everything, feel nothing
p 77, Engineering isn’t the biggest obstacle to building systems; the real challenge lay in managing the people and organizations who would use them
p 84, cities are “Systems of Systems”
p 85, balance the value gained with the effort required by the city to maintain and operate it. 
p 119, when you start paying attention to what people actually do with technology, you find innovation everywhere
p 125, to create a new way of doing that for the whole world to use
p 140, citizens decide what gets connected to the IoT, and why. IoT as a platform for local, citizens microcontrol of the physical world
p 149, knowing where you are is not so valuable, the value is in using that information to unlock new experiences. 
p 152, the risk of computing serendipity or spontaneity
p 158, conceptual success does not always translate to financial success
p 178, wireless is the infrastructure of inclusion
p 188, “para poors”: participative, user-engaged design process
p 190, expecting that access alone to technology will create opportunity is no longer appropriate
p 192, crowdsourcing is highly repressive: it presumes a surplus of volunteer time and energy
p 202, city apps contexts “are very good at producing version 1, when what a city government needs is a rock-solid, full-featured version 7”
p 211, when data drives decision, decisions about how to record the data will be distorted
p 215, Boston approach could be the most viable models for civic technology
p 229, apps contests success stems from its focus on problems and its intense f2f teamwork
p 248, the challenge of XXIth is to find out what works and scale it up
p 302, cross-train designers: cross-train user, civic, virtual-physical world. See cities as both scientists and artists
p 304, how to harness real-time data and media to think about long-term challenges
p 316, “Slow data”
p 319, the real opportunity to design killer apps for smart cities lies in those niches where a couple of heavily value-laded bits can be created

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